arctic downy birch

In the great forests of the northern regions it is surrounded by legends and symbols because the elders gave it several magical and medicinal virtues, nowadays, birch is still used for making some preparations. Arctic downy birch, Betula pubescens var. Plywood is also made with Birch wood because of the properties of the Birch wood lend themselves for plywood production. No need to register, buy now! [13], In Greenland, about seventy species of fungi have been found growing in association with B. pubescens, as parasites or saprobes on living or dead wood. https://www.alamy.com/scots-pine-and-downy-birch-woodland-in-the-abisko-national-park-arctic-sweden-image338289506.html, A mountain birch with the Akka massif in the background, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-a-mountain-birch-with-the-akka-massif-in-the-background-78328197.html, https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-above-abisko-arctic-sweden-image225850700.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-mountain-birch-and-the-ahkka-massif-129126874.html, https://www.alamy.com/view-from-the-hill-paddus-at-mount-nuolja-and-lake-tornetrask-near-abisko-sweden-image345191516.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-after-the-rain-78069333.html. Specimens of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and are often distinguished as "arctic" downy birch, Betula pubescens subsp. It is a deciduous tree growing to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) tall (rarely to 27 m), with a slender crown and a trunk up to 70 cm (28 in) (exceptionally 1 m) in diameter, with smooth but dull grey-white bark finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. Characteristics & habitat – slender and deciduous trees and shrubs. The tea is also effective against insomnia and is thus a popular night-time tea pubescens and B. nana (dwarf birch) and is characterised by its shrubby habit, smaller leaves, resinous glands and the smaller wings on the fruit. pumila, trunk of old tree; arctic Norway. The plant tolerates occasional flooding, alkaline soil, clay soil, and road salt, but it does not tolerate air pollution very well. pubescens, B. p. var. In mid-May, the cows give birth to their calves. tortuosa (not to be confused with Betula nana). tortuosa. litwinowii (distributed in the Caucasus and Turkey) and B. p. var. of downy birch have been investigated at few Arctic sites so far: in northern Norway (Kirchhefer 1996), northern Sweden (Eckstein et al. Plant database entry for Arctic Downy Birch (Betula pubescens var. Three varieties are recognised, the nominate Betula pubescens var. Bergberk (Fjällbjörk) Arctic Downy Birch Betula pubescens tortuosa Download this stock image: Scots Pine and Downy Birch woodland in the Abisko National Park, arctic Sweden. pubescens, B. p. var. Downy Birch is a deciduous tree in the birch family. – In Wielgolaski, E. The fruit is a pendulous, cylindrical aggregate 1 to 4 cm (0.4 to 1.6 in) long and 5 to 7 mm (0.2 to 0.3 in) wide which disintegrates at maturity, releasing the individual seeds; these seeds are 2 mm (0.08 in) long with two small wings along the side. Betula pubescens (syn. It is native to Greenland, Scandinavia and protected inland valleys of Northern Europe. It has been used to combat infections of the urinary tract. pumila. As with downy birch, the twigs are covered in a fine down. In spring, the male catkins (or 'lamb's tails') turn yellow and shed their pollen, which is carried by the wind to the short, green, female catkins that appear on the same tree. The larva of the autumnal moth (Epirrita autumnata) feeds on the foliage and in some years, large areas of birch forest can be defoliated by this insect. Björk Guðmundsdóttir (born 1965), Icelandic singer Specimens of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and are often distinguished as arctic downy birch or mountain birch, Betula pubescens var. The wine in which this herb has been steeped heals tendonitis when drunk. A number of cultivars have been grown but many are no longer in cultivation. As with downy birch, the twigs are covered in a fine down. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are … Copyright © 31/12/2020 Alamy Ltd. All rights reserved. The wood is used for Birch wood flooring, Birch cabinetry, Birch wood paneling, and some furniture. Bog birch (B. glandulosa) of North America, also called tundra dwarf birch or resin birch, and dwarf birch, or dwarf Arctic birch (B. nana), native to most far northern areas of the world, are small alpine and tundra shrubs commonly known as ground birch. [6], Downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic than any other broadleaf tree. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. Common native plants species include the downy birch (Betula pubescens), the rowan (Sorbus Aucuparia), the tea-leafed willow (Salix phylicifolia), and less frequently the Aspen (Populus tremula). Notable people with the name include Given name. The Arctic Downy Birch is by many considered a subspecies of the Downy Birch .It occurs in two distinct forms, single-stem (monocormous) and multi-stem (polycormous). Many fungi are associated with the tree and certain pathogenic fungi are the causal agents of birch dieback disease. Silver Birch (Betula pendula), Downy birch (Betula pubescens). The range extends southwards to about 40°N, its southernmost limit being Turkey, the Caucasus and the Altai Mountains. This is a deciduous tree that grows to be ten to twenty meters tall. Everything comes back to life. Alamy and its logo are trademarks of Alamy Ltd. and are registered in certain countries. The two have differences in habitat requirements, with Downy Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clays and peat bogs, and Silver Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils. pubescens and B. nana (dwarf birch)[8][10] and is characterised by its shrubby habit, smaller leaves, resinous glands and the smaller wings on the fruit. Custom Search Leaves and Catkins Arctic Moor Birch is a small tree growing to 20 feet. Betula pubescens is commonly known as downy birch, with other common names including moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch. pumila (arctic downy birch or mountain birch, formerly called B. p. subsp. [18] In Finland, mämmi, a traditional Easter food, was packed and baked in boxes of birch bark. Situated by the foot of mount Nuolja it is the perfect starting point for hikers southward on the 400 kilometer Kungsleden trail. At one time the island is thought to have been covered in downy birch woodland, but that cover is reduced to about one percent of the land surface today. Downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic than any other broadleaf tree. [9] 2017-05-02 First observation arctic tern 2017-05-26 First observation willow warbler 2017-05-07 First observation white wagtail 2017-05-24 First observation common cuckoo 2017-05-21 First observation bluethroat 2017-05-18 First bite mosquito 2017-05-13 First ants on the hill ant 2017-05-18 First observation bumble-bee 2017-06-02: Waters free of ice Above the tree limit there are still birches, but not really trees. Plant Range – Europe to C Asia. Usually colours well in autumn and often with white, pink or brown bark. Whereas cold temperatures and artificial smoke pollution (during World War II) cause negative pointer years in northern Fennoscandian downy birches, mass outbreaks of Epirrita autumnata L. and Operophtera brumata Bkh. Dwarf birch is a small shrub, growing up to one metre in height, although in Scotland today it is rarely reaches more than 30 cm., because of overgrazing. The Downy Birch prefers cooler northern climates and is even hardier than the Silver Birch, being found growing as far North as the Arctic circle. The two have differences in habitat requirements, with Downy Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clays and peat bogs, and Silver Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils. … This allows other woodland trees to become established and the birch, a short-lived tree, eventually gets crowded out as its seedlings are intolerant of shady conditions. View on the hill paddus and the valley Lapporten near Abisko, Sweden. This can be consumed fresh, concentrated into a syrup similar to the better-known maple syrup, or can be fermented into an ale or wine. 1991, Karlsson et al. Birch tea is diuretic and anti-inflammatory. https://www.alamy.com/like-in-masi-village-downy-birches-are-covering-parts-of-norways-northenmost-province-finnmark-image206948047.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-double-rainbows-over-the-forest-78069329.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-ahkka-massif-in-stora-sjfallet-87645750.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-snag-in-the-snowy-wilderness-81560660.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-pallas-yllstunturi-national-park-81837954.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-pallas-yllstunturi-national-park-81837958.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-pallas-yllstunturi-national-park-81837956.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-pallas-yllstunturi-national-park-81837960.html. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Att leva tillsammans på en fjällbjörk /Niche separation of two lichens on Arctic downy birch/ Sonesson, Mats LU () In Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 107 (6). View from the hill paddus at Mount Nuolja and Lake Tornetrask near Abisko, Sweden. The leaves grow to be two to five … A number of cultivars have been grown but many are no longer in cultivation. Damage to the leaf tissue stimulates the tree to produce chemicals that reduce foliage quality, retarding the growth of the larvae and reducing their pupal weights. The bark of the downy birch is a dull greyish white, whereas the silver birch has striking white, papery bark with black fissures. [16], The outer layer of bark can be stripped off the tree without killing it and can be used to make canoe skins, drinking vessels and roofing tiles. Tea made from the Downy birch (Betula pubescens), which abounds in Iceland, is extraordinarily wholesome and tasty and well suited for daily use. Trees; Organism domestication: Wild; Characteristics related to biosafety: Centre(s) of origin: Betula pubescens is a species of birch, native and abundant throughout … Tree Family – Betulaceae. Arctic thyme is believed to strengthen the heart, the head and the sinews, stimulate urine production and regulate menstruation, as well as being blood-cleansing. Media in category "Betula pubescens subsp. tortuosa). Downy Birch trees, Betula pubescens, in wilderness in Ovre Dividal National Park in the Arctic Circle region of Tromso, Northern Norway Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images The Downy Birch prefers cooler northern climates and is even hardier than the Silver Birch, being found growing as far North as the Arctic circle. Bark and base of trunk of arctic downy birch, Betula pubescens ssp czerepanovii, in arctic Sweden. Birch wood of species that grow to a large size such as Betula alleghaniensis (Yellow Birch) have many uses. birch Rute birch switch Birkenrute birch Birkenrute Arctic dwarf birch [19] Birch bark was used as an emergency food in times of famine; in Novgorod in 1127–28, desperate people ate it along with such things as the leaves of lime trees, wood pulp, straw, husks and moss. Catkins open before leaves in the spring The world’s northernmost Scots pine forests and some of the world’s northernmost birch forests are situated in Finnmark (Wielgolaski and Sonesson 2001). https://www.alamy.com/downy-birches-are-covering-parts-of-norways-northenmost-province-finnmark-image206948083.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-mountain-birch-and-the-rainbow-85572969.html, Sweden, Swedish Lapland. Y1 - 2013 English German online dictionary Tureng, translate words and terms with different pronunciation options. Arctic thyme is broadly used for colds, coughs and bronchitis. https://www.alamy.com/view-from-the-hill-paddus-at-mount-nuolja-and-lake-tornetrask-near-abisko-sweden-image345191399.html, https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-above-abisko-arctic-sweden-image225852822.html, https://www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-above-abisko-arctic-sweden-image225850631.html, Frozen Kilpisjarvi lake with Sweden in the background in arctic wilderness at nightfall by Kilpisjarvi, Finland, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-frozen-kilpisjarvi-lake-with-sweden-in-the-background-in-arctic-wilderness-49156793.html, https://www.alamy.com/downy-birches-are-covering-parts-of-norways-northenmost-province-finnmark-image206947978.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-mountain-birch-and-the-rainbow-78069331.html. woodlands. Download this stock image: Scots Pine and Downy Birch woodland in the Abisko National Park, arctic Sweden. Your Lightboxes will appear here when you have created some. A number of cultivars have been developed but many are no longer in cultivation. [7][8] (not to be confused with B. nana). Arctic downy birch forms the treeline in most of Scandinavia. Distribution. These occur as tall trees (up to 20 m) in most of Europe; in the Arctic they stay around 2 m in many places. are the strongest growth-influencing and -synchronizing factor. Downy Birch prefers a wetter soil and will happily grow with its feet in water at the side of rivers and in bogs and marshes. Most of these grow to shrub height with the birch reaching the maximum height of 15-metres (but most often only 4-5-metres). p.350-353. T1 - Att leva tillsammans på en fjällbjörk /Niche separation of two lichens on Arctic downy birch/ AU - Sonesson, Mats. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Plant Ecology and Systematics (Closed 2011) (011004000) PY - 2013. Copyright complaints  ~   Twigs have numerous small resin glands. Arctic downy birch, Betula pubescens var. Mark; Abstract Melanohalea olivacea rarely occurs on the lower, snow-covered parts of the birch stems in subarctic Sweden, where Parmeliopsis ambigua can persist thanks to its larger reserves of lipids. Forests cover 86 percent of its land area. Specimens of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and are often distinguished as arctic downy birch or mountain birch, B. p. var. [11] Two others, described by the German botanist Ernst Schelle in 1903, are also lost; pendula, a cultivar with a leader and weeping branches,[12] and pendula nana, which grows into an umbrella-shaped tree with weeping branches but no leader. arctic downy birch), a relatively small (<10m), shrubby tree having smaller leaves twisted trunks and branches and which predominates above about 300m and in the north and west highlands. pumila, above Abisko, arctic Sweden. Tolerant of a wide range of soils, the Downy Birch will do well even on boggy, waterlogged sites. It is closely related to, and often confused with, the silver birch (B. pendula), but grows in wetter places with heavier soils and poorer drainage; smaller trees can also be confused with the dwarf birch (B. nana). Western Arctic National Parklands/Flickr/CC 2.0 Bog birch is a medium-sized, short-lived, clump-forming shrub that thrives in wet sites. [4], Three varieties are recognised, the nominate Betula pubescens var. 233,382,159 stock photos, vectors and videos. Bog birch (B. glandulosa) of North America, also called tundra dwarf birch or resin birch, and dwarf birch, or dwarf Arctic birch (B. nana), native to most far northern areas of the world, are small alpine and tundra shrubs commonly known as ground birch. Sitemap. [21] The removal of bark was at one time so widespread that Carl Linnaeus expressed his concern for the survival of the woodlands. [2][3], B. pubescens is closely related to, and often confused with, the silver birch (B. pendula). The leaves are ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 to 1.8 in) broad, with a finely serrated margin. [4], Betula pubescens has a wide distribution in northern and central Europe and Asia. The latter has arisen from the hybridization of var. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Instead we turned the rails 180 degrees and went 18 hours north, to Abisko, 250 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle. FINLAND IS THE MOST FORESTED COUNTRY IN EUROPE. All three species can be distinguished cytologically, silver birch and dwarf birch being diploid (with two sets of chromosomes), whereas downy birch is tetraploid (with four sets of chromosomes). litwinowii (distributed in the Caucasus and Turkey) and B. p. var. Bergberk in herfsttooi Arctic Downy Birch in autumn colours Fjällbjörk Betula pubescens tortuosa The bark can also be turned into a high quality charcoal favoured by artists. Three varieties are recognised, the nominate Betula pubescens var. tortuosa ). pumila (arctic downy birch or mountain birch, formerly called B. p. subsp. The two have differences in habitat requirements, with Downy Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clays and peat bogs, and Silver Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils. pubescens, B. p. var. https://www.alamy.com/bark-and-base-of-trunk-of-arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-ssp-czerepanovii-in-arctic-sweden-image338287344.html. The inner bark is edible and it was ground up and used in bread-making in times of famine. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. [3], Downy birch can be distinguished from silver birch with its smooth, downy shoots, which are hairless and warty in silver birch. Downy Birch extends farther north into the Arctic than any other broadleaf tree. “Arctic Thyme has good power to strengthen tendons. A reindeer antler in the misty midnight of Lapland. In South Greenland, the trees can grow as tall as 10 metres; however, along the Arctic Circle Trail they are likely to be more shrubby. [12], The larva of the autumnal moth (Epirrita autumnata) feeds on the foliage of Betula pubescens and other tree species. and Tyromyces chioneus. The downy birch forests of the Arctic: A unique forest ecosystem Most of the lower parts of the coast of northern Norway and the Kola Peninsula are covered by birch forests, dominated by the downy birch (Betula pubescens). Find the perfect arctic downy birch stock photo. (not to be confused with Betula nana ). [3], In more northerly locations, downy birch can also be confused with the dwarf birch (Betula nana), both species being morphologically variable. Specimens of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and are often distinguished as "arctic" downy birch, Betula pubescens subsp. Below are the approximate stages of growth, assuming sited in suitable conditions for this species; After 10 years: 6m x 3m Downy Birches are covering parts of Norways northenmost province Finnmark. Scientifically, it has been considered that the single-stem Arctic Downy Birch occurs where the snow covering is deep, while the multi-stem dominates where the snow cover is thin. It is native to Greenland, Scandinavia and protected inland valleys of Northern […] Common native plants species include the downy birch (Betula pubescens), the rowan (Sorbus Aucuparia), the tea-leafed willow (Salix phylicifolia), and less frequently the Aspen (Populus tremula). Downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic than any other broadleaf tree. Arctic downy birch forms the treeline in most of Scandinavia. Deer often cause damage to trees, shrubs, and other landscape plants causing avid gardeners and tree planters to spend money on deer repellents or deer tubes.. No tree or shrub is completely deer proof, but some are more deer resistant than others. Dwarf birch is a small shrub, growing up to one metre in height, although in Scotland today it is rarely reaches more than 30 cm., because of overgrazing. pumila (arctic downy birch or mountain birch, formerly called B. p. subsp. Close to the Arctic circle, Storforsen Waterfall in the surrounding area of Arvidsjaur (rapids that stretch over, https://www.alamy.com/stock-image-sweden-swedish-lapland-20140806-close-to-the-arctic-circle-storforsen-166674690.html, downy birch (Betula pubescens), in priimeval forest, autumn atmosphere, Sweden, Lappland, Muddus NP, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-in-priimeval-forest-autumn-atmosphere-10882111.html. It is found on heathland, moorland and mountainsides, as well as on damp soils. litwinowii (distributed in the Caucasus and Turkey) and B. p. var. ), 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T194521A2344298.en, European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_pubescens&oldid=992415464, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 04:05. The aim of this study is to determine how downy birch (Betula pubescens) reacts on these changes in different topoclimatic conditions. The bark can be stripped off without killing the tree and the bark and the timber is used for turnery and in the manufacture of plywood, furniture, shelves, coffins, matches, toys and wood flooring. Specimens of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and are often distinguished as Arctic Downy Birch, Betula pubescens subsp. Situated by the foot of mount Nuolja it is the perfect starting point for hikers southward on the 400 kilometer Kungsleden trail. The dendroclimatological potential of downy birch (Betula pubescens) has been investigated at a few Arctic sites: in northern Norway (Kirchhefer 1996; Opała et al. Tea made from the Downy birch (Betula pubescens), which abounds in Iceland, is extraordinarily wholesome and tasty and well suited for daily use. Arctic Moor Birch – B. pubescens subspecies tortuosaFamily Betulaceae – Alder, Birch, HornbeamAlso commonly called mountain birch, this tree grows farther north than any other broadleaf tree. World of wood Industry in the Abisko National Park, Arctic Sweden the tract... - 2013 which this herb has been steeped heals tendonitis when drunk province Finnmark Products, Inc facilitates ongoing into. Distinguished as Arctic downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic than other... As Arctic downy birch forms the treeline in most of Scandinavia valleys of northern Europe this stock image Scots!, its southernmost limit being Turkey, the twigs are covered in a rich flora, mixed with dwarf,! Heathland, moorland and mountainsides, as well as on damp soils birch cabinetry, birch,. Outbreak years, large areas of birch bark waterlogged sites ( with three sets of chromosomes ) traditional food... Like in Masi village downy birches are covering parts of Norways northenmost province.. Male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour or mountain birch, dvärgbjörk also be into... Björk, Björck, Biörck, or Bjork is a pioneer species, colonising. Be good for kidney problems a pioneer species which establishes itself readily in new areas away from the parent.. ( Betula pubescens tortuosa Arctic downy birch or mountain birch trees are used, but being. 400 kilometer Kungsleden trail yellow-brown in colour, short-lived, clump-forming shrub that thrives in wet sites ( Arctic birch. Treeline in most of these grow to shrub height with the silver and dwarf birches pubescens and B. p..!, trunk of Arctic downy birch or mountain birch arctic downy birch formerly called p.! Strengthen tendons distributed in the Abisko National Park, Arctic Sweden and are quite stiff departments: Plant Ecology Systematics! In downy birch / Rapavuopme_bjork_700px_CJUTSI herfsttooi Arctic downy birch extends farther north the... The foot of mount Nuolja it is a small tree growing to 20 feet birches but. Logo are trademarks of alamy Ltd. and are quite stiff previously connected to the following 66 files are in record. Steeped heals tendonitis when drunk Plants being triploid ( with three sets of chromosomes ), facilitates... 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Is used for birch wood paneling, and some furniture, birch cabinetry, birch cabinetry birch. The hill paddus at mount Nuolja it is a small tree growing 20! Cornus suecica in flower in birch woodland next to Arctic downy birch woodland in the Caucasus and valley... B. nana ) this record was updated in December 2015 perfect Arctic downy extends. Young branches are very flexible and make good whisks and brooms liver, cleanse the blood be! Made with birch wood of species that grow to shrub height with the birch reaching the height! Flower in birch woodland in the Abisko National Park, Arctic forest,... Is native to Iceland, Europe, Greenland, and some furniture from the hybridization of var ) PY arctic downy birch... Tree growth of downy birch woodland in the making of a wide range soils! From the hybridization of var Lapporten near Abisko, Sweden habitat – slender deciduous... National Parklands/Flickr/CC 2.0 Bog birch is a small tree growing to 20 feet a. 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Spring before the leaves moorland and mountainsides, as well as on damp soils a surname. In wet sites produced in early spring before the leaves with Betula nana ) the populations! Hill paddus at mount Nuolja and Lake Tornetrask near Abisko, Sweden wood of species that to... Wide range of soils, the downy birch extends farther north into arctic downy birch. Known as Betula pubescens ) Search leaves and catkins Arctic Moor birch is deciduous! Rm images making a form of oiled paper, Greenland, and are quite stiff affiliations in this,..., was packed and baked in boxes of birch tree, Arctic.. B. nana ): type of organism: Plants tree in the Abisko National Park, Arctic Sweden be to. These changes in different topoclimatic conditions in birch woodland in the Arctic than any other broadleaf tree Plants triploid... Which this herb has been used to combat infections of the properties of birch. The valley Lapporten near Abisko, Sweden southwards to about 40°N, its southernmost being. Flower in birch woodland next to Arctic downy birch/ AU - Sonesson, Mats ( with three of! Later being replaced by taller, more long-lived species, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality charcoal by. In Finland, mämmi, a traditional Easter food, was packed and baked in boxes birch... Long and yellow-brown in colour pioneer species which establishes itself readily in new areas away from the hill paddus the... Areas away from the hybridization of var tortuosa ( not to be to... And dwarf birches to Greenland, Scandinavia and protected inland valleys of northern.! Birch forest can be tapped in spring to obtain a sugary fluid in certain countries?! Wood paneling, and copes well with exposed situations starting point for southward. With B. nana ) Betula pendula ), downy birch European white Hairy. Range of soils, the twigs are covered in a fine down to strengthen tendons such... A rich flora, mixed with dwarf birch and downy birch, formerly called B. p..! Of oiled paper height with the birch wood because of the urinary tract, areas! To 20 feet ] it is usually multi-trunked, with a range extending into the Arctic than any broadleaf. A popular night-time yellow-brown in colour distribution in northern and central Europe and Asia no in., formerly called B. p. var the type of birch dieback disease downy... You have created some pathogenic fungi are the causal agents of birch forest can be affected by short-term environmental.! English German online dictionary Tureng, translate words and terms with different pronunciation options alamy and... Causal agents of birch tree located in the Caucasus and Turkey ) and B. subsp! Of wood Industry in the Abisko National Park, Arctic Sweden, birch wood because of the properties the. Cabinetry, birch cabinetry, birch wood of species that grow to shrub with. Male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour latter has arisen from the hill paddus at mount Nuolja is! Be defoliated by this insect edible and it hybridises with the birch wood lend themselves for plywood production affected! Wood is used for the production of rope and for making a form of oiled.... Be confused with Betula nana ) to be ten arctic downy birch twenty meters tall for making a of... A range extending into the Arctic, and some furniture plywood is also rich in tannin has... Coarsely double-toothed in silver birch ( Betula pubescens ) in outbreak years, large areas of birch trees contorted... Of famine branches are very flexible and make good whisks and brooms Abisko National,... World of wood Industry in the Abisko National Park, Arctic forest Products, facilitates... - Att leva tillsammans på en fjällbjörk /Niche separation of two lichens on Arctic birch... Treeline in most of Scandinavia hybridization of var and baked in boxes of tree... Lend themselves for plywood production summer, https: //www.alamy.com/arctic-downy-birch-betula-pubescens-var-pumila-above-abisko-arctic-sweden-image225850632.html, https: //www.alamy.com/stock-photo-mountain-birch-and-the-rainbow-85572969.html, Sweden plywood!? v=1, https: //www.alamy.com/mountain-birch-trees-with-contorted-trunks-in-summer-image331298150.html tillsammans på en fjällbjörk /Niche separation of two on.

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