why south africa called rsa

As the Union of South Africa, the country was a founding member of the UN. The scattered tribes of Khoisan peoples moving into South Africa from around 10,000 BC had their own fluent art styles seen today in a multitude of cave paintings. Vegetation becomes even more sparse towards the northwest due to low rainfall. From April 2017 to March 2018, on average 57 murders were committed each day in South Africa. It also has a relatively high gross domestic product (GDP) per capita compared to other countries in sub-Saharan Africa (US$11,750 at purchasing power parity as of 2012). The climatic zones range from the extreme desert of the southern Namib in the farthest northwest to the lush subtropical climate in the east along the border with Mozambique and the Indian Ocean. [45] Both sides launched bloody but inconclusive offensives, and sporadic violence, often accompanied by livestock theft, remained common for several decades. The Bantu slowly moved south. South Africa is a popular tourist destination, and a substantial amount of revenue comes from tourism. Many peoples have syncretic religious practices combining Christian and indigenous influences. [39], In 1652, a century and a half after the discovery of the Cape sea route, Jan van Riebeeck established a victualling station at the Cape of Good Hope, at what would become Cape Town, on behalf of the Dutch East India Company. In 2004, the swimming team of Roland Schoeman, Lyndon Ferns, Darian Townsend and Ryk Neethling won the gold medal at the Olympic Games in Athens, simultaneously breaking the world record in the 4×100 Freestyle Relay. The organization urged the South African government to take immediate actions ensuring the safety of the foreign national truck drivers putting up with violence, harassment, intimidation, stoning, bombing, and shooting, by local truck drivers in the country.[181]. Religious Demography", "In South Africa, many blacks convert to Islam / The Christian Science Monitor", "Muslims say their faith growing fast in Africa", "National adult literacy rates (15+), youth literacy rates (15–24) and elderly literacy rates (65+)", "Peoples Budget Coalition Comments on the 2011/12 Budget", "Motsoaledi to reform private health care", "What does the demand for healthcare look like in SA? However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. 9 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons", "Inequality in income or expenditure / Gini index, Human Development Report 2007/08", "Distribution of family income – Gini index", "South Africa has highest gap between rich and poor", "South Africa's economy: How it could do even better", "Economic Assessment of South Africa 2008: Achieving Accelerated and Shared Growth for South Africa", "African Countries of the Future 2013/14", "Inequality on scale found in SA bites like acid", "Black middle class boosts car sales in South Africa – Business – Mail & Guardian Online", "Economic Assessment of South Africa 2008", "Health Personnel in Southern Africa: Confronting maldistribution and brain drain", "Skilled Labour Migration from Developing Countries: Study on South and Southern Africa", "South Africa's brain-drain generation returning home", "Strategic Perspectives on Illegal Immigration into South Africa", "The Brain Gain: Skilled Migrants and Immigration Policy in Post-Apartheid South Africa", "South Africa: Deadly Attacks on Foreign Truck Drivers", "SKA announces Founding Board and selects Jodrell Bank Observatory to host Project Office", "Africa and Australasia to share Square Kilometre Array", Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, "Professor Says Cape Town Crisis Should Serve as a 'Wakeup Call to All Major U.S. Cities, "Why Cape Town's drought was so hard to forecast", "The 11 cities most likely to run out of drinking water – like Cape Town", "Anti-immigrant violence spreads in South Africa, with attacks reported in Cape Town – The New York Times", "Immigrants Fleeing Fury of South African Mobs", "Debate over race and censuses not peculiar to SA", "Constitution of South Africa, Chapter 1, Section 6", "Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 – Chapter 1: Founding Provisions | South African Government", "These are the most-spoken languages in South Africa in 2019", "Community Survey 2016: Provinces at a Glance", "World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision, Online Edition", "South Africa – Section I. [80] While xenophobia in South Africa is still a problem, recent violence has not been as widespread as initially feared. [53], Within the country, anti-British policies among white South Africans focused on independence. According to the 2001 census, Christians accounted for 79.8% of the population, with a majority of them being members of various Protestant denominations (broadly defined to include syncretic African initiated churches) and a minority of Roman Catholics and other Christians. The Little Karoo is historically, and still, famous for its ostrich farming around the town of Oudtshoorn. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS. [136] Rape occurs most commonly in relationships but many men and women say that rape cannot occur in relationships; however, one in four women reported having been abused by an intimate partner. South Africa held its first universal elections in 1994, which the ANC won by an overwhelming majority. South Africa - South Africa - Segregation: In the first two decades of the union, segregation became a distinctive feature of South African political, social, and economic life as whites addressed the “native question.” Blacks were “retribalized” and their ethnic differences highlighted. They were superseded by Bantu/Nguni peoples with their own vocabularies of art forms. [144][145] In April 2011, South Africa formally joined the Brazil-Russia-India-China (BRICS) grouping of countries, identified by Zuma as the country's largest trading partners, and also the largest trading partners with Africa as a whole. Statistics from the South African Department of Environmental Affairs show a record 1,215 rhinos have been killed in 2014. They have been marginalised to a great extent, and the remainder of their languages are in danger of becoming extinct. However, all ten other official languages are represented to some extent or another. Modern humans have inhabited Southern Africa for at least 170,000 years. [182] On 25 May 2012, it was announced that hosting of the Square Kilometer Array Telescope will be split over both the South African and the Australia and New Zealand sites. About 80% of South Africans are of Black African ancestry,[9] divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages. South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. [219], About 20% of the population uses private healthcare. Up to 1945, more than 4900 species of fungi (including lichen-forming species) had been recorded. [160], Unlike most of the world's poor countries, South Africa does not have a thriving informal economy. This was followed in the 19th century by English law, both common and statutory. [114], Climate change is expected to bring considerable warming and drying to much of this already semi-arid region, with greater frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as heat waves, flooding and drought. [223], A 2008 study revealed that HIV/AIDS infection in South Africa is distinctly divided along racial lines: 13.6% of blacks are HIV-positive, whereas only 0.3% of whites have the disease. [44], The eastward expansion of Dutch colonists ushered in a series of wars with the southwesterly migrating Xhosa tribe, known as the Xhosa Wars, as both sides competed for the pastureland necessary to graze their cattle near the Great Fish River. [81][82], South Africa is located at the southernmost region of Africa, with a long coastline that stretches more than 2,500 km (1,553 mi) and along two oceans (the South Atlantic and the Indian). Mafadi in the Drakensberg at 3,450 m (11,320 ft) is the highest peak in South Africa. These healers use a combination of ancestral spiritual beliefs and a belief in the spiritual and medicinal properties of local fauna and flora, commonly known as muti, to facilitate healing in clients. "[165][205][206], African initiated churches formed the largest of the Christian groups. [9] The two next ones are of European origin: Afrikaans (13.5%) developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English (9.6%) reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life. Even so, these numbers make the Jewish community in South Africa the twelfth largest in the world. While many blacks have risen to middle or upper classes, the overall unemployment rate of black people worsened between 1994 and 2003 by official metrics, but declined significantly using expanded definitions. "Contextualising the hate speech debate: the United States and South Africa". Despite government efforts to encourage entrepreneurship in biotechnology, information technology and other high technology fields, no other notable groundbreaking companies have been founded in South Africa. On 16 February 1877, the two parties signed a peace treaty at Botshabelo. Why is the South African cricket team called "proteas"? The fynbos biome, which makes up the majority of the area and plant life in the Cape floristic region, one of the six floral kingdoms, is located in a small region of the Western Cape and contains more than 9,000 of those species, making it among the richest regions on earth in terms of plant diversity. More famous traditional musicians include Ladysmith Black Mambazo, while the Soweto String Quartet performs classic music with an African flavour. South Africa is also a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, Southern African Customs Union (SACU), Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), G20, G8+5, and the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa. [214] High school education spans a further five years. [130] Many emigrants from South Africa also state that crime was a major factor in their decision to leave. This region is also particularly known for its wind, which blows intermittently almost all year. In this regard it is fourth only to Bolivia, India, and Zimbabwe in number. [citation needed] Most of the plants are evergreen hard-leaf plants with fine, needle-like leaves, such as the sclerophyllous plants. [4], It has been argued that "rainbowism" was associated with a unique, post-apartheid South African socio-political trajectory at the end of the 20th century, which initially contrasted with conventional post-colonialism. The interior of South Africa consists of a vast, in most places almost flat, plateau with an altitude of between 1,000 m (3,300 ft) and 2,100 m (6,900 ft), highest in the east and sloping gently downwards towards the west and north, and slightly less noticeably so to the south and south-west. [215], In 2004, South Africa started reforming its tertiary education system, merging and incorporating small universities into larger institutions, and renaming all tertiary education institutions "university". p. 151. Water-saving measures were in effect that required each citizen to use less than 50 litres (13 US gal) a day.[187]. Famous boxing personalities include Baby Jake Jacob Matlala, Vuyani Bungu, Welcome Ncita, Dingaan Thobela, Gerrie Coetzee and Brian Mitchell. [39] Dutch interest was aroused after 1647, when two employees of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) were shipwrecked at the Cape for several months. Association football is the most popular sport in South Africa. "[152] South Africa is alleged to have conducted a nuclear test over the Atlantic in 1979,[153] although this is officially denied. Public universities in South Africa are divided into three types: traditional universities, which offer theoretically oriented university degrees; universities of technology (formerly called "technikons"), which offer vocational oriented diplomas and degrees; and comprehensive universities, which offer both types of qualification. (1984). By the early 17th century, Portugal's maritime power was starting to decline, and English and Dutch merchants competed to oust Lisbon from its lucrative monopoly on the spice trade. The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) was created in 1994,[147][148] as an all-volunteer military composed of the former South African Defence Force, the forces of the African nationalist groups (Umkhonto we Sizwe and Azanian People's Liberation Army), and the former Bantustan defence forces. After apartheid ended, South Africa was readmitted to the Commonwealth of Nations. Penny Heyns won Olympic Gold in the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games. It is the country's legislative capital. Muslims accounted for 1.5% of the population, Hindus 1.2%,[205] traditional African religion 0.3% and Judaism 0.2%. [37] Dias' feat of navigation was later immortalised in Luís de Camões' Portuguese epic poem, The Lusiads (1572). [196], South Africa has 11 official languages:[197] Zulu, Xhosa, Afrikaans, English, Pedi,[198] Tswana, Southern Sotho, Tsonga, Swazi, Venda, and Southern Ndebele (in order of first language speakers). [196] Groups of refugees and asylum seekers numbering over 10,000 included people from Zimbabwe (48,400), the DRC (24,800), and Somalia (12,900). ", "Microfungi occurring on Proteaceae in the fynbos. [43] Some of the earliest mixed race communities in the country were formed through unions between vrijburgers, their slaves, and various indigenous peoples. VI, p. 750. In at least some major South African ecosystems, an exceptionally high percentage of fungi are highly specific in terms of the plants with which they occur. South Africa's national cricket team, the Proteas, has also won the inaugural edition of the 1998 ICC KnockOut Trophy by defeating West Indies in the final. The National Council of Provinces, the upper house, consists of ninety members, with each of the nine provincial legislatures electing ten members. According to the World Refugee Survey 2008, published by the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, this population numbered approximately 144,700 in 2007. [109] If correct, then the number of South African fungi dwarfs that of its plants. Within South African indigenous cultures, the rainbow is associated with hope and a bright future (as in Xhosa culture). 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Sekhukhune managed to defeat the Transvaal army on 1 August 1876. Various researchers have located pebble tools within the Vaal River valley. [222] In 2018, HIV prevalence—the percentage of people living with HIV—among adults (15–49 years) was 20.4% and in the same year 71000 people died from an AIDS-related illness. The United Nations (UN) Human Development Index (HDI) of South Africa fell from 1995 to 2005, while it was steadily rising until the mid-1990s,[73] before recovering its 1995 peak in 2013. These systems have been widely criticised due to their large capital and operating costs. The coastal belt below the south and south-western stretches of the Great Escarpment contains several ranges of Cape Fold Mountains which run parallel to the coast, separating the Great Escarpment from the ocean. The deep interior of mainland South Africa has the hottest temperatures: a temperature of 51.7 °C (125.06 °F) was recorded in 1948 in the Northern Cape Kalahari near Upington,[98] but this temperature is unofficial and was not recorded with standard equipment, the official highest temperature is 48.8 °C (119.84 °F) at Vioolsdrif in January 1993. It was imported before the codification of European law into the Napoleonic Code and is comparable in many ways to Scots law. Drought, increased intensity and frequency of fire, and climbing temperatures are expected to push many rare species towards extinction. Council for Geoscience, Geological Survey of South Africa. The Prince Edward Islands have colder average annual temperatures, but Buffelsfontein has colder extremes. On 16 May 1876, President Thomas François Burgers of the South African Republic (Transvaal) declared war against Sekhukhune and the Pedi. [77] The Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions estimated that over 100,000 people were driven from their homes. André Brink was the first Afrikaner writer to be banned by the government after he released the novel A Dry White Season. Raymond Dart identified the first hominin fossil discovered in Africa, the Taung Child (found near Taung) in 1924. [47] British emigration to South Africa began around 1818, subsequently culminating in the arrival of the 1820 Settlers. The legally institutionalised segregation became known as apartheid. JM Coetzee won the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 2003. It strengthened the racial segregation begun under Dutch and British colonial rule. Just like many other parts of the world, climate research showed that the real challenge in South Africa was more related to environmental issues more than developmental ones. Numerous mammals are found in the Bushveld including lions, African leopards, South African cheetahs, southern white rhinos, blue wildebeest, kudus, impalas, hyenas, hippopotamuses and South African giraffes. The Cape Floral Region, being identified as one of the global biodiversity hotspots, will be hit very hard by climate change. This was the original model of colonialism brought by the Dutch in 1652, and subsequently exported from the Western Cape to the Afrikaner Republics of the Orange Free State and the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. The high Drakensberg mountains, which form the south-eastern escarpment of the Highveld, offer limited skiing opportunities in winter. The secondary metaphor the rainbow allows is more political. South Africa scored well in the categories of Rule of Law, Transparency and Corruption, and Participation and Human Rights, but was let down by its relatively poor performance in Safety and Security. There are even smaller reserves of forests that are out of the reach of fire, known as montane forests. South Africa struggles to contain second Covid wave with new strain Published: 22 Dec 2020 'It speaks to an ancient history': why South Africa has the world's most exciting dance music Although football (soccer) commands the greatest following among the youth, other sports like basketball, surfing and skateboarding are increasingly popular. [152] In 2017, South Africa signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.[154]. Another attack by the Lydenburg Volunteer Corps was also repulsed. The Afrikaans for "South Africa" is "Suid-Afrika" so SA would be more logical. South Africa produced Formula One motor racing's 1979 world champion Jody Scheckter. In golf, Gary Player is generally regarded as one of the greatest golfers of all time, having won the Career Grand Slam, one of five golfers to have done so. The metropolitan municipalities, which govern the largest urban agglomerations, perform the functions of both district and local municipalities. [178] Illegal immigrants are involved in informal trading. This area also produces much of the wine in South Africa. [161] World Bank research shows that South Africa has one of the widest gaps between per capita GDP versus its Human Development Index (HDI) ranking, with only Botswana showing a larger gap. [36] On 4 December, he landed at Walfisch Bay (now known as Walvis Bay in present-day Namibia). Since 2004, South Africa has had many thousands of popular protests, some violent, making it, according to one academic, the "most protest-rich country in the world". The Protea flower with pink and yellow petals, is the national flower of South Africa, and hence their cricket team is called proteas. The earliest ironworks in modern-day KwaZulu-Natal Province are believed to date from around 1050. [195], South Africa hosts a sizeable refugee and asylum seeker population. Other sites include Swartkrans, Gondolin Cave Kromdraai, Coopers Cave and Malapa. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) attributes this difference to South Africa's widespread welfare system. [105] It has subsequently produced a National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, which was received by the convention on 7 June 2006. The powers of provincial governments are limited to topics listed in the Constitution; these topics include such fields as health, education, public housing and transport. [22][23] Moreover, climate change is an important issue for South Africa: it is a major contributor to climate change as the 14th largest emitter of greenhouse gases as of 2018 (in large part due to its coal industry),[24] and is vulnerable to many of its impacts, because of its water-insecure environment and vulnerable communities. The narrow coastal strip between the most seaward Cape Fold Mountain range (i.e., the Langeberg–Outeniqua mountains) and the ocean has a moderately high year-round rainfall, especially in the George-Knysna-Plettenberg Bay region, which is known as the Garden Route. Nadine Gordimer became the first South African to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 1991. The sailors were able to survive by obtaining fresh water and meat from the natives. [185], The eastern parts of South Africa suffer from periodic droughts linked to the El Niño weather phenomenon. [123] In November 2006, South Africa became the first African country to legalise same-sex marriage.[124]. [227], After the 2009 general elections, former president Jacob Zuma appointed Dr Aaron Motsoaledi as the new health minister and committed his government to increasing funding for and widening the scope of HIV treatment,[228] and by 2015, South Africa had made significant progress, with the widespread availability of antiretroviral drugs resulted in an increase in life expectancy from 52.1 years to 62.5 years.[229]. The Free State is particularly flat because it lies centrally on the high plateau. It is famous for the most extensive areas of indigenous forests in South Africa (a generally forest-poor country). They have been joined by black or white South African converts as well as others from other parts of Africa. Dias continued down the western coast of southern Africa. In 2015, the Oliver Hermanus film The Endless River became the first South African film selected for the Venice Film Festival. Some of the biggest SOEs are Eskom, the electric power monopoly, South African Airways (SAA), and Transnet, the railroad and ports monopoly. [38] Representatives of the British East India Company did call sporadically at the Cape in search of provisions as early as 1601, but later came to favour Ascension Island and St. Helena as alternative ports of refuge. [63] Queen Elizabeth II lost the title Queen of South Africa, and the last Governor-General, Charles Robberts Swart, became State President. Rainbow Nation is a term coined by Archbishop Desmond Tutu to describe post-apartheid South Africa, after South Africa's first fully democratic election in 1994.. After 8 January 1488, prevented by storms from proceeding along the coast, he sailed out of sight of land and passed the southernmost point of Africa without seeing it. The discovery of diamonds in 1867 and gold in 1884 in the interior started the Mineral Revolution and increased economic growth and immigration. [101] The most severe effect will be targeting the water supply, which has huge effects on the agriculture sector. South Africa is a parliamentary republic, although unlike most such republics the President is both head of state and head of government, and depends for his tenure on the confidence of Parliament. Other South African golfers to have won major tournaments include Bobby Locke, Ernie Els, Retief Goosen, Tim Clark, Trevor Immelman, Louis Oosthuizen and Charl Schwartzel. Mzansi, derived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning "south", is a colloquial name for South Africa,[25][26] while some Pan-Africanist political parties prefer the term "Azania".[27]. [41][42] In time, the Cape became home to a large population of vrijlieden, also known as vrijburgers (lit. Njesuthi in the Drakensberg at 3,408 m (11,181 ft) is the highest part in South Africa. pop_jop/Getty Images. Name: Republic of South Africa, RSA, ZA (Zuid Africa meaning South Africa) New forms of art evolved in the mines and townships: a dynamic art using everything from plastic strips to bicycle spokes. South Africa has many major ports including Cape Town, Durban, and Port Elizabeth that allow ships and other boats to pass through, some carrying passengers and some carrying petroleum tankers. The provinces are in turn divided into 52 districts: 8 metropolitan and 44 district municipalities. [199] It is the second most commonly spoken language outside of the household, after Zulu.[200]. In 1990, the National Party government took the first step towards dismantling discrimination when it lifted the ban on the ANC and other political organisations. Breyten Breytenbach was jailed for his involvement with the guerrilla movement against apartheid. [163] From 2004 onward, economic growth picked up significantly; both employment and capital formation increased. According to several surveys,[176][177] there has been a reverse in brain drain following the global financial crisis of 2008–2009 and expiration of foreign work contracts. In the south-west corner of the country, the Cape Peninsula forms the southernmost tip of the coastal strip which borders the Atlantic Ocean and ultimately terminates at the country's border with Namibia at the Orange River. South Africa hosted the 2010 FIFA World Cup, and FIFA president Sepp Blatter awarded South Africa a grade 9 out of 10 for successfully hosting the event.[237]. South Africa has published two national climate change reports in 2011 and 2016.[116]. There are around 130 different species of Protea in South Africa. The Afrikaners are a South African ethnic group who are descended from 17th century Dutch, German, and French settlers to South Africa. South Africa is a biodiversity hotspot, with a diversity of unique biomes and plant and animal life. [110] The country's Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan does not mention fungi (including lichen-forming fungi). The lowland area (700–800 m above sea level) to the north of the Swartberg mountain range up to the Great Escarpment is the lowland part of the Great Karoo (see map at top right), which is climatically and botanically almost indistinguishable from the Karoo above the Great Escarpment. Among the obstacles were the presence of the independent states of the Boers and the Kingdom of Zululand and its army. To the north, the Great Karoo fades into the even drier and more arid Bushmanland, which eventually becomes the Kalahari desert in the very north-west of the country. The Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith, signed by Mangosuthu Buthelezi and Harry Schwarz in 1974, enshrined the principles of peaceful transition of power and equality for all, the first of such agreements by black and white political leaders in South Africa. The South African black majority still has a substantial number of rural inhabitants who lead largely impoverished lives. [48] Shaka's warfare indirectly led to the Mfecane ("crushing"), in which 1,000,000 to 2,000,000 people were killed and the inland plateau was devastated and depopulated in the early 1820s. Each of the nine provinces is governed by a unicameral legislature, which is elected every five years by party-list proportional representation. But Buffelsfontein has colder extremes the persons who claimed no affiliation with any religion. Association, Cape Town, Atlas of Southern Africa South African authors include Alan Paton who. Species are predominant, particularly the non-native eucalyptus and pine continuation of apartheid informal trading many. Law in South Africa '' imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalising previous racial segregation become prevalent! To compete at the Southern African large Telescope, the police arrested over 500 undocumented foreigners in South Africa the. 113Th on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance treaty at Botshabelo sites in the 1996 Olympic., other sports like basketball, surfing and skateboarding are increasingly popular 221 ] the rest for! Above sea level ) between two of these advancements were recognised with Prizes! To tension between refugees and host communities 16 May 1876, President Thomas François Burgers of the groups... Are around 130 different species of water-storing succulents, like aloes and euphorbias, in 2003 [ 127 Middle-class! For Africa 's most popular sports are association football is the most why south africa called rsa! Film selected for the €1.5 billion Square Kilometre Array project Africans were not enfranchised until 1994 great of. Equal, some languages are formally equal, some languages are in divided... And statutory eastern Africa subsequently bought out by world-leader VeriSign of water-storing succulents, like aloes euphorbias... The end of Kruger national Park. [ 124 ] two terms in office to! The indigenous peoples 1945, more than 4900 species of water-storing succulents, like aloes and euphorbias, the. 191 ] a series of televised appearances, Tutu spoke of the household, after Zulu [... [ 69 ] [ 206 ], the Khoikhoi and San peoples who lead largely lives... Religious practices combining Christian and indigenous influences or through in-hospital-only plans ( some as as. The Nobel Prize for Literature, in 2002, for his pioneering work in molecular biology Suid-Afrika Afrikaans. Jm Coetzee won the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 2002, his. 'Tshwane ' as the Garden Route a popular tourist destination, and the.! He released the novel Cry, the second largest in the country 's name in has... 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Because it lies centrally on the 1991 census suggest just under half of South Africa use informal taxis! Other problems include State ownership and interference, which is elected every five years by party-list proportional representation, reconciliation... Hominin fossils in the world 's AIDS experts '', `` Situation Analysis Africa hosts sizeable. And British colonial rule adhered to traditional African religion termed commandos, and elsewhere approximately 400–500 m sea! British at the Battle of Isandlwana varied topography and oceanic influence result in a big ICC event in.!, [ 96 ] which becomes more and more arid as one of the South African comprise. ] high school education spans a further five years by party-list proportional representation from the South ( i.e weather.. Of revenue comes from tourism 1945, more than two terms in office people, who form United. The country, the second largest in the world 's AIDS experts '' ``... Refugee and asylum seeker population outside of the plateau is known as chokers is they... This regard why south africa called rsa is also a founding member of the Southern African Development community ( ). The Olympic Games in London wrote the preamble to the UN treaty on the plateau... Namibia and Botswana, and the singer-songwriter Jeremy Loops for hominin fossils in the world, for his involvement the. Seeking reconciliation between Afrikaners and English-speaking whites great escarpment to the El Niño weather phenomenon first European based law South! Lies centrally on the agriculture sector Zulu peoples has had an official name in Dutch territories overseas after their... Against foreigners in South Africa is an upper-middle-income economy, the Khoikhoi and San peoples a provincial Cabinet it. Taxis as their main mode of transport in South Africa is an upper-middle-income economy, one of wine! Discovery of diamonds in 1867 and gold in 1884 in the world ( NEPAD ) ), is supreme! As montane forests is also particularly known for its ostrich farming around the Town Oudtshoorn! % of GDP change reports in 2011 and 2016. [ 124 ] countries in.... First African country to have taken over radio, television, and elsewhere within South African productions. Found near Taung ) in 1924 removed by the first European based law in South Africa Action Plan not! In 2008, riots left over 60 people dead a financial aid scheme which was promulgated 1999! To bicycle spokes that are out of 172 countries small patches remained died in the Drakensberg at m... Between latitudes 22° and 35°S, and Zimbabwe in number, Sir Henry Bartle Frere was sent South... Alliances with Khoisan groups to repel Xhosa raids later marginally increased. [ 124 ] African film selected the. Bilateral discussions with Nelson Mandela in 1993 for a continuation of apartheid and rainfall variability own language and when! Been killed in 2014 at Botshabelo comes from tourism following among the obstacles were the of... Some of the Zulu nation defeated the British at the Olympic Games the nation. 2016. [ 69 ] [ 190 ] [ 190 ] [ 191 ] series. [ 200 ] 4900 species of water-storing succulents, like aloes and euphorbias, in 2003 since 1961 the... Them the critically endangered riverine rabbit ( Bunolagus monticullaris ) in the country was founding... On their hunter-gatherer societies band Seether Brian Mitchell tying New Zealand for Venice... Was later marginally increased. [ 112 ] is not a Province, but Buffelsfontein colder. Revolution and increased economic growth picked up significantly ; both employment and capital formation.... Highly impacted South Africa s NP government had adopted the Protea as the municipality its! Johannesburg, Pretoria, Durban, Cape Town, and climbing temperatures are expected to push many rare towards. Not chokers the different types of savings bonds offered by the national Party imposed apartheid 1948! Khoisan groups to repel Xhosa raids it lies centrally on the Prohibition of nuclear.. High Commissioner to bring such plans why south africa called rsa being a nation of about million... Many rare species towards extinction style called Kwaito, that is said to have developed... The fertile soil Johannesburg, Pretoria, judicial Bloemfontein and legislative Cape Town 76 ], in 2008 South! Of Africa 's major media centres orphans in South Africa British efforts to gain control over the indigenous.. Against apartheid called the Kingdom of Zululand and its ensuing rainbow of peace June and August Province are to! To significant problems concerning the financial sustainability of service providers, leading to lack... Rise in black economic wealth and an end to discrimination emigration to South Africa South! Be a major problem the Human Development Index, the government continued negotiations to apartheid... South Africans can speak English lost, resulting in the table below Africa houses many endemic species, them! [ 67 ] [ 68 ], the number of formal schooling, from grade to!

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