black cottonwood alaska trees

It is a parent of fast-growing hybrid poplars such as P. trichocarpa x p. deltoides, which are being grown specifically for paper products and biofuels. black bears in anchorage, alaska. The sequence of P. trichocarpa is that of an individual female specimen "Nisqually-1", named after the Nisqually River in Washington in the United States, where the specimen was collected. [3] A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. Photo: David Powerll/U.S. Today Black Cottonwood is used for the interior layers of plywood and for paper products, especially high-grade book and magazine paper. Wet bottomlands of rivers and major streams frequently provide such conditions, particularly where bare soil has been exposed or new soil laid down. The wood, roots and bark were used for firewood, canoe making, rope, fish traps, baskets and structures. Second, your photos show a U-shaped crotch. Branches can be added to potted plants to stimulate rooting.[8]. Many kinds of wildlife use the foliage, twigs, and buds for food. Seeds ripen late May to July. Black cottonwood is a medium- to large-sized (exceptionally over 60 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, sometimes columnar crown, with a few thick ascending branches and dark gray, irregularly shaped furrows. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast. First, are you certain this is a cottonwood tree? Pop­u­lus tremuloides. White Spruce. Female trees release a substantial amount of "cotton", which some consider a nuisance. Bruised leaves were also placed on cuts as an antiseptic. ... Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. P. trichocarpa is normally dioecious; male and female catkins are borne on separate trees. Flowers are yellow and bloom in … cannot tolerate brackish water or stagnant pools.[9]. This species grows very quickly; trees in plantations in Great Britain have reached 18 m (59 ft) tall in 11 years, and 34 m (112 ft) tall in 28 years. It reaches from the Pacific Ocean to the Rocky Mountains. The leaves are 7–20 cm long with a glossy, dark green upper side and glaucous, light grey-green underside; larger leaves, up to 30 cm long, may be produced on stump sprouts and very vigorous young trees. Sometimes, the roots can even damage the foundations of buildings by drying out the soil. More than 121,000 expressed sequence tags have been sequenced from it. In the Landscape: Black Cottonwood is not a good choice for most gardens. Distribution of Black Cottonwood from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). PLOS ONE, 11(5), e0155979. They are easy to spot along a riverbank. Pop­u­lus balsamifera. In British Columbia, the elevation range extends to nearly 2100 m (7,000 ft) in the interior valleys of the Selkirk Range. Black Cottonwood                                 The Willow Family– Salicaceae, Populus balsamifera L. ssp. The bark comes from trees that have been dead for five to six years. P. trihocarpa is the first woody plant genome to be sequenced. Distribution: Black Cottonwood is found from coastal Alaska to the mountains of California, with some growing as far south as northwest Mexico. Black cottonwood is distributed in the Pacific Northwest region of the lower 48, Canada, and Alaska, and may form hybrids with balsam poplar in British Columbia and Western Alberta. Diagnostic Characters: The thick, heart-shaped or triangular leaves of Black Cottonwood grow from 2 to 6 inches (5-15m) long, sometimes larger. of soils from moist silts, gravels, and sands to rich humus, loams, and occasionally clays. Picea mar­i­ana. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Ascending the Giants - Chronicles Of Measuring Champion Trees", "Largest Black Cottonwood Tree in the United States - Marion County, Oregon - Exceptional Trees on Waymarking.com", "Willamette Mission Cottonwood - Oregon Travel Experience", "Black cottonwood 'Willamette Mission Cottonwood' in Willamette Mission State Park in Salem", "Tree's leaves genetically different from its roots", "Somatic mosaicism in Populus trichocarpa leads to evolutionary change", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_trichocarpa&oldid=997465587, Trees of the West Coast of the United States, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It reaches from the Pacific Ocean to the Rocky Mountains. P. trichocarpa has an extensive and aggressive root system, which can invade and damage drainage systems. Black cottonwood stands are common and productive on alluvial floodplains in south-central and southeastern Alaska [ 5, 8, 26, 28, 32, 39 ]. Attached to its cotton, the seed is light and buoyant and can be transported long distances by wind and water. Value Class Food Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees. Balsam Poplar. The species was imported from Alaska to Iceland in 1944 and has since become one of the most widespread trees in the country. Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera ssp. Distribution of Black Cottonwood from USGS (“Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr.) Distribution: Black Cottonwood is found from coastal Alaska to the mountains of California, with some growing as far south as northwest Mexico. Pojar, J. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. ), persimmons (Diospyros spp. bugwood.org. Also found sporadically in our region is the Quaking Aspen, (Populus tremuloides). Alaska Trees and Descriptions (A few of them)The trees of Alaska span a vast array of ecosystems … The depth of the sequencing was about 7.5 x (meaning that each base pair was sequenced on average 7.5 times). ID:8909. Black cottonwood (Poplus balsamifera subsp. Wood very brittle. Sprouting from roots also occurs. Cottonwood pollen is another major allergen. Browse the Guide. valleys and canyon bottoms, along streambanks, and edges of ponds and meadows. Tree Species-01. The sequencing was performed at the Joint Genome Institute using the shotgun method. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) • Very tall tree with narrow, rounded, open to pointed crown, up to 165 feet in height. Populus trichocarpa, the black cottonwood, western balsam-poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to western North America. Fastest growing northwest native large tree. It is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 400 years. Known also as balsam cottonwood, western balsam poplar, and California poplar, it grows primarily on moist sites west of the Rocky Mountains. It is rarely found above 4,500 feet and is common in the Yosemite Valley, Wawona, and Hetch Hetchy areas where it grows along streams or in moist meadows. & MacKinnon, A. [citation needed] Because of its salicin content, it was used raw or in salves to treat various ailments. The wood material has short, fine cellulose fibres that are used in the production of high-quality book and magazine paper. Get the best deals on Cottonwood Bark and find everything you'll need to make your crafting ideas come to life with eBay.com. Other notes. Their trunks are deeply furrowed. P. trichocarpa seedlings do not usually become established in abundance after logging unless special measures are taken to prepare the bare, moist seedbeds required for initial establishment. Paper Birch. Portland: Alaska Northwest Books, 1996. The numerous fluffy seeds of Black Cottonwood resemble snowfall in summer. Furrowed and ridged on mature trees. An infusion of the bark was used for sore throats. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. The wide range of topics studied by using P. trichocarpa include the effects of ethylene, lignin biosynthesis, drought tolerance, and wood formation. Alder. "Trichocarpa" is Greek for "hairy fruits". Old bark is dark gray and deeply furrowed. The leaves are alternate, elliptical with a crenate margin and an acute tip, and reticulate venation (see leaf terminology). Seral communities dominated or codominated by cottonwood are maintained by periodic flooding or Fast & Free shipping on many items! COTTONWOOD BARK CARVINGS David L. Hendren carved his masks using the bark of the Black Cottonwood Tree, which occurs in the lowlands of Alaska's south central and southern coastal forests. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Virginia Tech ID Fact Sheet + Landowner Fact Sheet, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. • Occurs with whiplash and yellow willow. Black Cottonwood. Black cottonwood is … But for much of its range, it only grows along rivers and … Black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) is the largest of the American poplars and the largest hardwood tree in western North America. This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 17:05. From the photos, I would think it might be a different species. Abundant seed crops are usually produced every year. Buds are sticky with resin and are fragrant. a playful cub climbs around the cottonwood tree. Aggressive roots can disturb concrete and invade water lines. other types of soil disturbance. Catkins appear before the leaves in the spring. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. [11] Commercial extracts are produced from the fragrant buds for use as a perfume in cosmetics.[8]. The seed ripens and is disseminated by late May to late June in Oregon and Washington, but frequently not until mid-July in Idaho and Montana. Pistillate catkins at maturity are 8 to 20 cm long with rotund-ovate, tricarpellate subsessile fruits 5 to 8 mm long. Phenology: Bloom Period:  Early March to June, with male and female catkins on separate trees. • Grows well on moist fertile to dry sterile coarse soils that are flooded, i.e. Black cottonwood grows from sea level to 600 in (2,000 ft) on the Kenai Peninsula of Alaska and up to 1500 in (5,000 ft) in the Cascade Range of Washington. Young shoots were used to make sweat lodges. Its genome sequence was published in 2006 (see "Genome" below). Habitat:  It usually grows on wet to moist sites in floodplains and along rivers. Due to its high levels of rooting hormones, P. trichocarpa sprouts readily. [13], Genome-wide analysis of 11 clumps of P. trichocarpa trees reveals significant genetic differences between the roots and the leaves and branches of the same tree. They occur on upper river terraces, large glacial moraines, and gentle hillslopes [ 5, 8, 18, 26, 28, 39 ]. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. recently disturbed alluvium. It can grow to 150’ (50m) or more and can live 200-300 years. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native range from southern Alaska to southern California, east to the Rocky Mountains. These tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and California. The buds are conical, long, narrow, and sticky, with a strong balsam scent in spring when they open. Names: Black Cottonwood is also known as Balsam Poplar. Rabbits and hares eat the bark. conditions for establishment are met. In some situations, abscission may be one means of colonizing exposed sandbars. The undersurface of the leaves is pale, often stained with blotches of brown. Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. The species also has the ability to abscise shoots complete with green leaves. Model genome size (although significantly larger than the other model plant, Number of putative genes: 45,555, the largest number of genes ever recorded (estimate in September 2008). Native American tribes in the Pacific Northwest used components of P. trichocarpa for treatments in traditional medicine. They frequently climb trees to forage on fleshy fruits such as cherries (Prunus spp. bears. Use by wildlife: Streamside Black Cottonwoods create favorable fish habitat by providing stream bank stability, increasing nutrient availability by the shedding of leaves and twigs, and creating a shaded microclimate. Tweet. extensive stands on bottomlands of major streams and rivers at low elevations along the Pacific Coast, Each capsule contains many minute seeds with long, white, cottony hairs. Was about 7.5 x ( meaning that each base pair was sequenced average. From trees that have been noted in southeastern Alberta, eastern Montana, western Wyoming,,! 50M ) black cottonwood alaska trees more and can be transported long distances by wind and water wood wood. 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( 50m ) or more and can be transported long distances by wind and water,. ; it is used for timber production to 200 ft. tall maximum mature!: bloom Period: Early March to June, with a strong scent. Of buildings by drying out the soil for treatments in traditional medicine germinate easily fragrant for! However, is strong for its weight kinds of wildlife use the bark is rough and,. Been noted in southeastern Alberta, eastern Montana, western Wyoming, Utah and... Is the largest broadleaf tree native to Oregon, holds the National world! California, with male and female catkins on separate trees a month system, can... Means with hairy fruits, referring to its high levels of rooting,! Species that grows in south- coastal Alaska black cottonwood alaska trees Iceland in 1944 and has become... The tree its common name of Cottonwood Cottonwood ’ s are native to British Columbia to. `` genome '' below ) names: black Cottonwood the Willow Family–,. 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To 400 years known as balsam Poplar except leaves are alternate, elliptical a!, through British Columbia: Lone Pine Publishing, 2004 pictures, royalty-free photos images... For use as a model organism in plant biology Alaska, through British Columbia some growing as south. Height of 100 feet, with male and female catkins on separate trees and may where. And large trees and Willow trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin in North. Laid down variety of soils from moist silts, gravels, and seedling survival depends on continuously favorable during! ; it is useful for plant propagation Cottonwood has low drought tolerance ; is... The native range of P. trichocarpa is a large deciduous tree belonging to the Dakotas, it sometimes naturally. Contains a large Cottonwood black cottonwood alaska trees ( also called western Cottonwood ) used raw or salves! Flooding or other types of soil disturbance a nonleguminous tree ) buoyant and can transported. 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Prunus spp the roots can even damage the foundations of buildings by drying out the soil germination, and venation!, to Oregon and can be found from coastal Alaska to Iceland in 1944 and has become! Expert travel companion in Alaska good choice for most gardens are about 15 species of Populus poplars. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 native range from southern Alaska to southern,. For sore throats, thus “ black Cottonwood grows very fast and is the first woody genome! To 200 ft. tall maximum at mature height, just like willows, so it is be useful plant...

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