pollution upsc notes

Trees should be planted everywhere. Marine pollution: river discharge, manmade pollution and oil spills etc. Usage of water should be minimized by changing the techniques involved. Denitrification is an ecological approach to avert the leaching of nitrates in soil, and stops ground water pollution with nutrients. Light Trespass: Light falling where it is not intended, wanted, or needed. Indoor air pollution is defined as the amount of chemical, biological and physical contaminants in the air inside a building. Furthermore, water pollution affects oceans, lakes, rivers, and drinking water (Scipeeps, 2009). Some of indoor air pollutant sources in houses including building materials, pressed wood products and furniture, central heating and cooling systems, several personal care or household cleaning products, painting colours, solvents, heating or cooking appliances (stoves, wood and gas burning fireplaces, gas heaters), tobacco smoke, office machines and other products used in daily activities (EPA, 2007). This post is a compilation of our most viewed notes on Environment, which we think our readers should not miss. Soil Conservation Techniques and Methods. Any unnatural and negative changes in all the dimensions like chemical, physical and biological characteristics of any component of the ecosystem i.e. Agricultural waste: fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, and manures. Afforestation, reforestation and use of organic farming. The generators convert oxygen into ozone using Ultraviolet radiation and Electric discharge field. Handwritten Notes for UPSC by Alok Ranjan sir.Most important notes for Competitive exams such as UPSC pre and Mains, State level PSC exams, UPPSC, MPPSC, IAS exams pre and mains, Glare: Excessive brightness which causes visual discomfort. To summarize, Pollution is due to harmful substances or products into the environment. Excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers should be avoided. Globalization is also major cause of deforestation, though there are cases in which the impacts of globalization have supported localized forest recuperate. Lung irritation reduces development of RBC and pulmonary malfunctioning. There are several types of pollutions in the environment such as Water Pollution, Air Pollution, Soil Pollution, land pollution. Water pollution is not only confined to surface water but also spread to groundwater, sea, and ocean. Agricultural sources, thermal pollution (discharge of hot water by thermal power plants cause deficiency of dissolved oxygen in water) and underground water pollution. Air pollution monitoring is very necessary to control pollution. People must avoid using more chemical fertilizers and Pesticides. It guides you through the entire gambit of the IAS exam starting with notification, eligibility, syllabus, tips, quiz, notes and current affairs. Water Conservation Facts and Tips. Preparing your Environment Notes for UPSC will help you in covering all the important topics relevant for UPSC Exam. It aimed to reduce the pollution levels in the river. Before raw sewage can be carefully released back into the environment, it must be treated properly in a water treatment plant. One of them is the Air Pollution. Environment Notes for UPSC IAS Exam. High levels of glare can decrease visibility. ... UPSC Toppers’ tips and strategies will help in streamline IAS preparation. Environmentalists use Biological processes to degrade the solid matter. For Contemporary Affairs: In the environment segment the focus of UPSC Shankar IAS Environment PDF Download From Link Given Below. Kidney problems, irritation in eyes, nose and throat, asthma, hypertension and carcinogenic effects on lungs. Water pollution: Water pollution is also a matter of concern for human life. National air quality monitoring programme (NAMP), National ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). There is a certain percentage of gases present in the atmosphere. Air pollution refers to any physical, chemical, or biological change in the air. Use of fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, dumping of solid waste, deforestation, and pollution due to urbanization and other anthropogenic substances causes soil pollution. Collection of pollutants and convert it into less toxic forms by different methods. Many of the chemical substances are toxic or even carcinogenic. Environmental pollution or simply pollution refers to undesirable changes occurring in the physical, chemical, and biological composition of natural environment consisting of air, water, and soil. Soil pollution mainly is a result of penetration of damaging pesticides and insecticides, which deteriorate the soil quality, thus making it contaminated and unfit for use later. IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Air pollution monitoring and source categorization (Source: Bhola, et, al., 2010). An excessive amount of mercury in water can cause Minamata disease in humans and dropsy in fishes; Lead in large amount can cause dyslexia, Cadmium poisoning causes Itai – Itai disease, etc. 2 Year Package is the most ideal and highly recommended as the UPSC Cycle (Start of Preparation to Results) lasts for close to 2 years. This has made Environment and Ecology, a very crucial subject for clearing UPSC Prelims and Main. For example, If you purchase the notes with “Download Validity == 2 Years,” on 01/01/2020, then you will be able to download the Static Files + Current Affairs files till 02/01/2022. Environment and Ecology is a very important part of UPSC IAS Syllabus and each year a large number of questions are being asked from Environment in UPSC IAS Exam.This is more so after the changes brought by UPSC i.e. Environment Pollution is the addition of contaminants into the natural environment that causes detrimental effects to nature, natural resources and mankind. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 11 times. Septic tanks treat sewage at the place where it is located and used to treat sewage from an individual building. Air pollution monitoring and source categorization (Source: Bhola, et, al., 2010) Water pollution: Water pollution is also a matter of concern for human life. Ecological imbalance and imbalance in flora and fauna further increases. Another method to treat water pollution is well known Ozone wastewater treatment. The identified source of pollution is called point sources. Any substance which causes harmful effects or uneasiness in the organisms, then that particular substance may be called as the pollutant. Ltd. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution, Monthly Context: The Delhi Jal Board (DJB) said water supply to parts of north, central and south Delhi would be disrupted on Wednesday following a spike in ammonia levels in the Yamuna. Causes of deforestation: There are several causes of current deforestation such as dishonesty of government institutions, the unfair distribution of wealth and power, population growth and overpopulation, and urbanization. Air pollution monitoring is very necessary to control pollution. The agents which cause environmental pollution are called pollutants. Water pollutants are originated from human activities. It is important to note that some contaminants can be naturally produced in the soil under the effect of certain environmental conditions. Otherwise, the waste products from consumption, heating, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation, and other human activities will damage the environment. Exhauast fumes from vehicles 2. Free prelims and mains mock tests will be helpful to asses IAS exam preparation. Pollution may be defined as the addition of undesirable material into the environment as a result of human activities. Discarded materials and radioactive elements and plastic bags. NAAQS As many as 54% of India’s population lives in regions that do not meet the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for fine particulate matter, and nearly every Indian Shankar IAS Environment PDF Today in this post We are providing Notes based on the Shankar IAS Environment 6th Edition PDF Which is mainly important for UPSC, PSC, SSC, Railway, SSC CGL, Bank, SI, Railway and all other exams. Consequences of Air Pollution: A pollutant may be defined as a physical, chemical or biological substance released into the environment which is directly or indirectly harmful to humans and other living organisms. Air pollution is also responsible for climate change due to the enhanced greenhouse effect, acid rain, and the depletion of the ozone layer that constitute important global environmental problems. Sulphur di oxide is considered as most harmful pollutant (Rao, 1989). It affects human and animal lives, natural ecosystems and the man-made environment. To Avoid Noise Pollution, the Government should ensure the new machines that should be noise proof. Pesticides can damage crops; kill vegetation and poison birds, animals, and fish. Air pollution is defined as any contamination of the atmosphere that disturbs the natural composition and chemistry of the air. There are some drawbacks of adopting ozone to treat wastewater such as it requires energy in the form of electricity, cost money and cannot work when the power is lost and cannot remove dissolved minerals and salts. World is facing severe problem of environmental degradation due to rapid increase in population and economic development that weakens the environmental resource. It is also known as photo pollution or luminous pollution and basically is the misdirected or obtrusive of natural light by … Land pollution is one of the main forms of environmental calamity in current situation (Khan, 2004). IAS Admit Card 2020 Out: Download UPSC CSE Mains Exam Admit Card, UPSC Study Material: Complete Notes for Prelims Exam in Hindi & English [Free], Monthly Current Affairs Test 2020: Attempt Quiz in Hindi & English, UPSC IAS Prelims Answer Key 2020: Download SET A, B, C & D Answer Key PDF. Industrial waste: lead, cadmium, mercury, alkalies, organic substances, and chemicals. Universal environmental pollution, including greenhouse gas emissions and acid deposition, as well as water pollution and waste management is deliberated as global public health problems, which should be examined from manifold perspectives such as social, economic, legislation, and environmental engineering systems, as well as lifestyle habits helping health promotion and reinforcing environmental systems to repel adulteration (Loux, 2011). AMMONIA POLLUTION. Causes of Noise Pollution include aircraft noise, noise of cars, buses, and trucks, vehicle horns, loudspeakers, and industry noise, as well as high-intensity sonar effects which are extremely harmful for the environment, noise from construction and civil engineering works. This occurs when objects that are far inland are blown by the wind over long distances and end up in the ocean. Modification of industrial process and selection of suitable fuels and its utilization. Air pollution occurs both outdoors and indoors and is caused by human activities and natural mechanisms. Air ports must be away from residential area. In a water treatment plant, sewage goes through a number of chambers and chemical processes to reduce the amount and toxicity of the waste. Refrigerators, emission from jets. Dec 26, 2020 - Shankar IAS: Summary of Environment Pollution UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. air, water or soil which can cause harmful effects on various forms of life and property is called environmental pollution. Land/ Solid waste Pollution: This type of pollution also shake environment. The main pollutants found in the air people breathe include, particulate matter, PAHs, lead, ground-level ozone, heavy metals, sulphur dioxide, benzene, carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide (European Public Health Alliance, 2009). Polluted water comprises of Industrial discharged wastes, sewage water, rain water pollution … The improvement of nutrients in water bodies causes eutrophication. (European Public Health Alliance, 2009). Air pollution comes from a wide variety of sources. Check Environment notes category, if you want to read the complete archives. In land pollution, acid rain kills trees and other plants and vegetation that provides food and shelter is destroyed. Do not sound horn symbol is to be in school roads. Addition of certain substances such as organic, inorganic, biological and radiological to the water, which degrades the water quality and makes it unhealthy for use. It is established that air pollution is caused of ill health and death by natural and man-made sources. The materials that cause pollution are of two types: From another perspective, pollutants can be classified as follows: Some of the air pollutants, their sources, and effects: Problems in the lungs, respiratory systems and causes asthma and bronchitis. Ecology and Environment Notes Plays a vital role in All Competitive Exams. It is observed that the problems of environmental pollution is intense in the developing world, where traditional sources of pollution such as industrial emissions, poor sanitation, insufficient waste management, polluted water supplies and exposures to indoor air pollution from biomass fuels affect humans (Samet, 2001). It is not only a threat to nature but also to all its creations. The liquid waste is usually high in biological oxygen demand, suspended solids, and chlorinated organic compounds such as dioxins (World Bank, 1999). Severe headache, irritation to mucous membrane, unconsciousness and death. Pollution refers to the introduction of hazardous substances to our life-sustaining environment. Phone : +91 96000 32187 / +91 94456 88445. Current Affairs Magazine. The four components of light pollution are often combined and may intersect: Plethora of environmental studies have shown that environmental pollutants have various adversarial health effects. In this article, we have thoroughly discussed the types, causes and impacts of different pollutions affecting humankind. Light pollution is artificial brightening of the night sky caused by man-made lightening sources, which has a disruptive effect on natural cycles and inhibits the observation of stars and planets. Causes of desertification: Desertification occurs due to numerous factors, primarily anthropogenic causes, which began in the Holocene era and continues today. Chlorofluorocarbons. Many studies have demonstrated that environmental particulate exposure has been linked to increased risk of morbidity and mortality from many diseases, organ disturbances, cancers, and other chronic diseases (Kargarfard, 2011). These techniques collect data by scientists to enable them to make informed decisions to manage overall quality of environment. Treatment of water pollution: There are many ways by which water pollution can be treated such as industrial treatment, denitrification, septic tank, and ozone waste water treatment. Agriculture: It reduces soil fertility and thus crop yields; increase soil erosion and salinity. उड़ान: A 75-Day Course to Qualify GS Paper of UPPSC Prelims. These objects can be anything from natural things like dust and sand to man-made objects such as debris and trash. Outdoor air pollution is described as the discharge of numerous air pollutants in to the atmosphere, in concentrations that threaten the health of living organisms or upset the function of the environment as a system leading to human health damages in various ways. Quality Notes In Daily Classes. Untreated sewage from a property flows into the septic tank and the solids are separated from the liquid. Stop the use of plastic bags and use bags of degradable materials like paper and cloth. Pollution Essay: Pollution is one of the most commonly discussed topics in recent times. Soil pollution is described as the impurity of soil of a particular region. Notes on Environmental Conservation and Preservation. LIFE LESSONS THAT CORONA VIRUS THOUGHT ME –. Point sources: These are directly pointed towards the water bodies from the source of origin of pollution and are thus easy to regulate. Governance for UPSC, GS 2 Notes By UPSC Topper Ravisankar Sarma December 18, 2019 civils360 Q & A Toppers Notes Answer article Civil Service IAS india Mains 2020 Questions Toppers Note UPSC UPSC 2020 It is found that CO2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also partially restricts infrared radiation going back from the earth into space, which produces the greenhouse effect that prevents a drastic cooling of the Earth during the night. Mishra stated that fast growth in urban population, increasing industrialization, and rising demands for energy and motor vehicles are the deteriorating air pollution levels (2003). Air pollution is the presence of one or more disadvantageous content in such quantity and for such duration, as it is catastrophic, or tend to be catastrophic, to human health and welfare, animal or plant life. Copyright © 2021 CivilServiceIndia.com | Website Development Company : Concern Infotech Pvt. An ambitious plan to save the river, called the Ganga Action Plan was launched in 1985. Addition of unwanted substances to the soil which negatively affects physical, chemical and biological properties of soil and reduces its productivity is called soil pollution. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) - UPSC Notes The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is an organisation under the Government of India responsible for Air and Water Quality Monitoring Services and any other pollution-related issues. Waste matter should be disposed immediately and avoid drilling the Land for more underground water. Water can also be polluted by agriculture or households cause damage to human health or the environment. An ozone generator break down pollutants in the water source. Some of the most excessive sources include: Some examples of air pollution include: 1. Industrial and community wastewater: Industries like mining, iron and steel, pharmaceuticals, food processing, soap and detergent and paper and pulp. Air pollution crisis in India : Important Topics for UPSC Exams With every winter comes the news of elevated pollution levels in the national capital. Gaseous air pollutants: Oxides of Sulfur, Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, hydrocarbon, ozone. The factors which disturb the biological balance of the soil and deteriorate the quality, texture, and mineral content are called soil pollutants. Increasing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere strengthens this effect and is expected to result in a warming of the Earth's surface. There are numerous advantages of ozone to treat wastewater such as this technique kills bacteria successfully, oxidizes substances such as iron and sulphur. Excess of nitrate in drinking water is dangerous for infants and human health, excess fluoride cause neuromuscular disorder and teeth deformity, hardening of bones and painful joints. These are also very helpful for competitive exams such as UPPSC, MPPSC, MPSC, PCS, CTETc TET, MPTET, Samvida Varg 1, 2, 3, MA Entrance, BA Entrance test, PhD Entrance Test etc. Recently, modern pollutants have emerged which are associated with traffic congestion and the use of modern chemicals in the home, in food, for water treatment and for pest control. DOES INDIA NEED MORE MISSILES OR MORE INDUSTRIES. Urban Sky Glow: The brightening of the night sky over inhabited areas. Ozone Layer Depletion – Carbon monoxide & Sulphur dioxide released from the vehicle emission has contributed to the depletion of the ozone layer, allowing more ultra-violate rays to penetrate from the sun. Recycling and treatment of water should be used to the maximum extent possible. … Weekly Assignment Tests. Effect of pollutant on plants (Source: Rao, 1989). Pollution can be of many types. Environment and related topics have nowadays become very important for UPSC, State PCS and other govt competitive exams. Environmental degradation is the collapse of the earth or worsening of the environment through consumption of assets such as air, water and soil, the destruction of environments and the annihilation of wildlife. These techniques collect data by scientists to enable them to make informed decisions to manage overall quality of environment. Pollutants in water include a wide range of chemicals, pathogens, and physical chemistry or sensory changes. Biomedical waste should be collected and incinerated in incinerators. This can be in the form of particulate matter such as dust or excessive gases like carbon dioxide or other vapors that cannot be effectively removed through natural cycles, such as the carbon cycle or the nitrogen cycle. Energy Conservation Techniques and Occupational Therapy. Inadequate management of solid waste is one of the main causes of environmental pollution (Kimani, 2007). Subject: Environment. Light pollution is described as excessive and incorrect artificial light (Mizon, 2002). Wetland Conservation and Management. Consequently, experts advised to take immediate action and control the pollution. Arpit is a Community Manager in gradeup and always interested in a challenge. Pollution from the atmosphere is, believe it or not, a huge source of ocean pollution. Air pollution has harmful impact on plant life. Environment pollution is worldwide issue and it has adverse impact on the health of human populations (Fereidoun et al, 2007). The proliferation of clutter contributes to urban sky glow, trespass, and glare. An increase or decrease in the composition of these gases is harmful to survival. Kidney problems, irritation in eyes, nose and throat, asthma, hypertension and carcinogenic effects on lungs. The most important harmful effects are prenatal disorders, infant mortality, respiratory disorders, allergy, malignancies, cardiovascular disorders, and increase in stress oxidative, endothelial dysfunction, mental disorders, and various other harmful effects. Note: ‘Eu’ means healthy and ‘trophy’ means nutrition. A drinking water contained a fluoride content ranging from 5.26 to 26.32 milligrams per litre and this is too high as compared to the World Health Organization�s standard of 0.6 to 1.7 milligram per litre (Rizvi, 2000). More chemical fertilizers and pesticides prevent land pollution include: 1 Notes Plays a vital role in all Exams... Of human populations ( Fereidoun et al, 2010 ) ‘ Eu ’ means healthy and ‘ trophy ’ healthy. Over inhabited areas avoid drilling the land for more underground water more land should disposed! 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